- Spain and Portugal conquered the New World in the 16th Century starting with Columbus
- The invincible Spanish Armada was defeated in 1588, allowing other countries to make foray into the New World
- Starting with 17th Century, other countries conquered territories from Spain in the New World
Table Of Content
- Exploration in the 15th Century
- Why Exploration?See here
- Christopher Columbus
- Treaty Of Tordesillas1494
- Conquest of Mexico (1519-21) and Cuba by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547)
- Portuguese ExplorationFrom Wiki
- Spanish Exploration
- Exploration in the 16th Century
- Major events
- 1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral discovers Brazil
- 1521 Aztecs surrender to Cortes’s forces; Mexico under Spanish Crown
- 1531 Pizarro destroys the Inca regime; Peru under Spanish Crown
- Ecuador seized by Spanish
Robert de La Salle 1682 – explored the entire Mississippi River and on the west side of it for France. He named this are “Louisiana,” because of the French king, King Louis XIV.
Age of Discovery, 1420–1550
- 1492– Christopher Columbus‘ first voyage.
- 1494– The Treaty of Tordesillas divides the New World between the Kingdom of Spain and the Kingdom of Portugal.
- 1497– First voyage of John Cabot, searching for the Northwest Passage.
- 1498– Vasco da Gama reaches India.
- 1500– First African slaves taken to Hispaniola.
- 1519– Hernán Cortés conquers the Aztec Empire.
- 1531–33– Francisco Pizarro conquers the Inca Empire.
- 1539–42– Hernando de Soto explores North America from the Gulf of Mexico to the Ozarks.
- The Explorers The Dawning of the Era of Exploration
Portuguese in the East
A very brief sketch of the rise and de- Portuguesedevelopment of Portuguese power inthe East up to .this time will not beout of place here, some notes on their operationsin the Further East being reserved for a laterchapter. Bartholomew Dias, sailing at the commandof John II. of Portugal, 1486, was the first navigatorto double the Cape of Good Hope, reaching AlgoaBay. He was followed by Vasco de Gama who,anchoring his three ships off Calicut, 1498, proved tobe the pioneer of Portuguese power in India. Thenew arrivals first opened negotiations with theZamorin of Calicut, the suzerain of the various kings or rajas on the Malabar coast, but in thebeginning discovered that they had formidablerivals in the Muhammadan Arabs, or Moors as theycalled them. These traders had long enjoyed theIndian monopoly, sending their goods either to the Persian Gulf or, via Suez and Alexandria, to theMediterranean. But by common consent the great Albuquerque, governor and captain-general, 1509-15, was the real founder of the Portuguese dominion in the East.